There are several federal, state and local laws that prohibit employers from discriminating against job applicants and employees on certain grounds. Some of these laws are as follows:
• Title VII. Title VII prohibits discrimination on account of race, color, religion, national origin, or gender (including gender stereotyping). Title VII also makes it illegal to discriminate against female employees because of pregnancy, childbirth or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth.
• Section 1981. Section 1981 prohibits discrimination on account of race, ancestry, or ethnic characteristics in the performance, modification, and termination of contracts, and the enjoyment of all benefits, privileges, terms, and conditions of the contractual relationship.
• EPA. The Equal Pay Act makes it unlawful to pay different wages to men and women if they perform equal work in the same workplace.
• ADA. The Americans with Disabilities Act prohibits discrimination against a qualified individual on account of disability. This law also requires employers in certain situations to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with physical or mental disabilities.
• ADEA. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act prohibits discrimination against workers over the age of 40.
• IHRA. The Illinois Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination on account of race, color, religion, national origin, ancestry, age, sex, marital status, order of protection status, disability, military status, sexual orientation, or unfavorable discharge from military service.
Each of these laws also prohibits employers from retaliating against employees who complain about job discrimination or assist with a job discrimination investigation or lawsuit.
This is only a brief description of the laws prohibiting employment discrimination. If you believe you are a victim of unlawful discrimination, you should consult with an attorney.